Perhaps the most common cause of bruising from alcohol is that alcohol acts as a vasodilator, making blood vessels larger. Older adults often bruise more easily because the skin becomes less flexible with age, and there is less fat to protect the blood vessels. Immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) is a bleeding disorder in which the blood doesn’t clot properly. But in very rare cases, people develop hemophilia later in life when the body produces antibodies that attack the clotting factors in the blood. Treatment of liver disease depends on the cause, but generally involves avoiding alcohol and not taking any medications that could do more damage to the liver.

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alcohol and bruising

Symptoms include fever, jaundice (yellowing of the skin), malnourishment, swelling, and accumulation of fluid around the liver. Because denial is common, you may feel like you don’t have a problem with drinking. You might not recognize how much you drink or how many problems in your life are related to alcohol use. Listen to relatives, friends or co-workers when they ask you to examine your drinking habits or to seek help. Consider talking with someone who has had a problem with drinking but has stopped.

Initial Treatment for Early Alcoholic Liver Disease

  • Because alcohol impairs the function of the normal blood-clotting system, it also can adversely interact with over-the-counter and prescription medications that prolong bleeding or prevent coagulation.
  • Coordination problems from alcohol consumption make injuries more likely, and since alcohol dilates the blood vessels, you’re more likely to bruise if you do fall or bump into something.
  • About 90% of heavy drinkers will develop alcoholic fatty liver disease.
  • Folic acid deficiency impairs RBC production and results from decreased ingestion, decreased absorption, and abnormal metabolism of folic acid.

Treatment involves avoiding any activities that increase the risk of bleeding. Medication may also be needed, particularly if you have to have surgery or are experiencing extreme bleeding. They will run blood and urine tests to see if your kidneys are functioning properly.

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Cirrhosis is considered end stage liver disease as it cannot be reversed and can lead to liver failure. Cirrhosis is further categorized as compensated and decompensated. In these cases, treatment focuses on preventing further damage and treating other factors that can make the disease worse, such as infection and malnourishment. Alcoholic hepatitis occurs when the liver becomes damaged and inflamed.

Hemolytic Anemia

  • Moreover, the proportion of the different cell types in the blood is relatively constant.
  • Many people with alcoholic liver disease are deficient in B vitamins, zinc and vitamin D and it may become necessary to take supplements.
  • When traveling to such a site, the neutrophils adhere to the walls of the blood vessels before migrating out of the blood vessels into the affected tissue.
  • Over time, the liver of a person who drinks heavily can become damaged and cause alcoholic liver disease.
  • When a blood vessel is injured, platelets are attracted to the site of the injury, where they aggregate to form a temporary plug.
  • Trait markers could help identify people at risk for alcoholism who could benefit most from early, targeted prevention and intervention approaches.
  • You may get a bruise from a bump or injury to the skin or the tissues beneath the skin.

Some research results indicate that alcohol can interfere with leukotriene production. Alcohol-induced structural abnormalities in red blood cell (RBC) structure. (A) Normal RBC’s have a characteristic disclike shape; the cell in the center is a neutrophil.

alcohol and bruising

Liver transplant

Alcohol, brain injury and seizures

  • Hypersplenism, a condition characterized by an enlarged spleen and deficiency of one or more blood cell types, can induce premature RBC destruction.
  • If the sensation is decreased enough, you may feel actual numbness after drinking alcohol.
  • After all, heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of serious injuries from falls, burns, and motor vehicle crashes.
  • People tend to bruise more easily with age because blood vessels weaken and the skin thins.